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The best way to achieve and maintain healthy vision is by scheduling regular eye examinations. Our optometrist, Dr. Brian J. Courtright, O.D., recommends that most people have an eye examination every two years. Once patients reach 60 years of age, they should increase the frequency to yearly, because of the increased likelihood of eye diseases that develop as people get older. While childrens eye exams tend to be less elaborate than those used for seniors, most eye examinations include the same basic tests.
A routine eye examination can take 30 to 60 minutes and will include most or all of these tests:
Visual Acuity -The eye doctor will check the ability of your eyes to focus, using the familiar eye chart covered in letters, along with a machine that can determine the exact prescription needed to correct your eyesight to normal.
Pupillary Reaction - The doctor will use a flashlight to check your eyes' reactions to light, whether they dilate and contract at a normal rate as well as how they react to close objects.
Visual Field Test - Here, the doctor checks whether you have any blind spots in your peripheral vision. He'll determine how far you can see to the side while your eyes are focused straight ahead.
Cover Test -This checks how your eyes work together. You'll cover one eye at a time while focusing on an object straight ahead.
While not normally done with children and teens, eye disease tests are common as a next step for adults. Eye diseases most commonly develop as the eyes age, so they're more likely to be diagnosed as you age. Some of the more common diseases our doctor will test you for are:
Macular Degeneration - When the eye loses the ability to focus on the center of the visual field. With early diagnosis, the doctor can prescribe exercises that can prolong the healthy life of your eye and delay or prevent any deterioration. Like with any other eye disease, early diagnosis is the key for a successful treatment regimen.
Cataracts - Your eye is covered with a crystalline lens. If this lens breaks down, some of the proteins can clump up and stick to the lens, causing your sight to be yellowed or cloudy. Most people are surprised at a diagnosis of cataracts, as they can be seen in an exam long before any symptoms appear, in most cases.
Glaucoma - When the interior pressure of the eye increases, it can damage the retina, doing temporary or permanent damage to your eyesight. Your doctor can prescribe medication to reduce the problem if caught in time.
The final part of an eye examination is a discussion about eyeglasses or contact lenses. You and the doctor will consult together to decide the best route for correcting your eyesight.
If you haven't had an eye exam in the last year, it's time to make an appointment at Prescott Valley Eye Care, P.C. Dr. Courtright proudly serves the quad cities of Prescott, Prescott Valley, Dewey-Humbot and Chino Valley. Contact our office today!
|Monday||8:30 AM||5:00 PM|
|Tuesday||9:00 AM||6:00 PM|
|Wednesday||8:30 AM||5:00 PM|
|Thursday||8:30 AM||5:00 PM|
|Friday||8:30 AM||5:00 PM|